There are several types of wounds that can damage the skin including: abrasions, lacerations, rupture injuries, punctures, and penetrating wounds. Many wounds are superficial requiring local first aid including cleansing and dressing. Some wounds are deeper and need medical attention to prevent infection and loss of function, due to damage to underlying structures like bone, muscle, tendon, arteries and nerves. The purpose of medical care for wounds is to prevent complications and preserve function. While important, cosmetic results are not the primary consideration for wound repair.
Wounds occur when the skin is broken or damaged because of injury. The skin can be damaged in a variety of ways depending upon the mechanism of injury. Inflammation is the skin's initial response to injury.
Superficial (on the surface) wounds and abrasions leave the deeper skin layers in tact. These types of wounds are usually caused by friction rubbing against an abrasive surface. Deep abrasions (cuts or lacerations) go through all the layers of the skin and into underlying tissue like muscle or bone.
Puncture wounds are usually caused by a sharp pointed object entering the skin. Examples of puncture wounds include a needle stick, stepping on a nail, or a stab wound with a knife. Human and animal bites can be classified as puncture wounds, abrasions, or a combination of both. Most wounds can be treated at home with routine first aid including thorough washing and dressing.
What are wounds?
Also known as "sores or ulcers". Wounds are where the outer skin is missing and the deeper layers are exposed. Sometimes they are draining or have an odor. Many times wounds are red and infected. Sometimes they have been present for weeks, months or years. Sometimes wounds are painful, but not always.
What type of wounds do we treat?
How do we treat wounds?
Swelling must be controlled. Compression hose or other compression devices may be required to heal the wound or ulcer. Lymph pumps may be required when lymphedema is present. Wounds have different phases and must be treated differently at each phase. Therefore, many different wound healing products are used.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBO) is used when appropriate. HBO is where you enter a clear chamber and that is pressurized. This increases the oxygen in the deeper layers of skin and improves healing. Surgery is sometimes needed to complete healing. A large variety of surgery is utilized to resolve wounds and prevent new ones.
Diabetic shoes or braces are needed sometimes to prevent the wounds from returning after wound healing.
To prevent infection. Some of the following are reasons podiatrist or medical professional should be obtained for a wound:
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